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柴油发电机组油耗量受哪些因素的原因

来源:http://www.huannengpower.com   发布于:2016-11-18

  柴油发电机组在使用过程中,相信有不少用户遇见机组油耗增大问题,但对柴油发电机组进行检测并没有发现问题,检修中也找不出具体原因,到底有哪些因素影响柴油发电机组的油耗量呢?下面我们济南沼气发电机组公司小编给大家介绍的是柴油发电机组油耗量受哪些因素的原因:

  Diesel generator sets in the use of the process, I believe that there are many users meet unit fuel consumption increased, but for the diesel engine generator were detected and found no problems. Maintenance also can not find out the specific reasons, in the end what factors affect the diesel generator set fuel consumption? Below we Ji'nan biogas generating set company small make up to introduce to you is the reason of the diesel engine fuel consumption:

  机油一般通过活塞环与环槽的间隙,气门与导管的间隙进入燃烧室。其窜入的直接原因是第一道活塞环在上止点附近由于其运动速度急剧下降,便把附着在它上面的润滑油甩到燃烧室里去。所以,活塞环与活塞的配合间隙、活塞环的刮油量和刮油能力、燃烧室内的压力和机油粘度都和机油消耗量密切相关。如发现油耗量大是进行下列检查,一般就能知道问题所在,能够迅速的解决问题。

  Oil is generally through the gap between the piston ring and the ring groove, valve and the gap between the pipe into the combustion chamber. Its direct cause is the first piston ring in the vicinity of the top dead point due to the sharp drop in its movement speed, will be attached to the oil thrown into the combustion chamber. Therefore, the piston ring and piston clearance, the amount of oil scraping and scraping the piston ring, the pressure of the combustion chamber and the oil viscosity and oil consumption are closely related. If it is found that the amount of fuel consumption is to carry out the following checks, the general will be able to know where the problem, to solve the problem quickly.

  1.柴油机气门导管磨损导致机组的机油额外损耗。

  diesel engine valve guide wear leads to extra loss of oil.

  2、检查柴油机机体和齿轮室盖、行轮一侧的大盘、后盖、盖罩等连接处的密封垫是不是完好,连接处的螺丝有没有松动。如果在机架位置有漏油现象,就要对机油壳进行检查,主要检查与行轮同侧的机油壳前端,一般是因为机座螺丝松动,导致行轮在三角带拉动下与保护机油壳的机架角铁产生长期擦碰形成缺口,引发漏油现象。

  check the engine block and the engine block, the wheel side of the market, the back cover, cover and other connections are not in good condition, there is no loosening of the screws at the joints. If in the position of the frame for the oil leakage phenomenon, it is necessary to examine the shell oil, mainly to check with the wheel at the same side of the oil of the front end of the shell is generally because the base screw loosening, resulting in wheel in the triangle belt drive and protection of oil shell frame angle produces long-term rubbing a notch is formed, causing the phenomenon of oil leakage.

  3.发动机磨损使柴油机的缸套形成纵行拉痕,缸径和活塞侧间隙超出规定值,导使活塞环的撑力相应减小,出现刮油不净现象。或者因为油环内的内撑扭曲簧断开,使刮油不净参与燃烧,使得柴油机起动困难,排气管冒蓝烟,呼吸器喷油严重,造成机油额外消耗。

  The engine wear the diesel engine cylinder liner formed longitudinal stretch marks, bore and piston side clearance exceeds the prescribed limit, guide the piston ring supporting force decreases, scraping oil dirty phenomenon. Or because the oil ring inside the inner supporting twisted spring break, the oil scraping net in combustion, makes the diesel engine is difficult to start, take the blue smoke exhaust pipes, respirator injection serious, resulting in additional oil consumption.

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