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燃气发电机组细化分类有哪些类型?

来源:http://www.huannengpower.com   发布于:2019-05-22

1、自然气发电机组:是以自然气为燃料的发电机组。自然气的主要可燃成份为甲烷CH4,甲烷浓度普通为70%~97%,自然气主要产自自然气井或石油伴生气经过轻烃回收后的工艺尾气。自然气发电机组主要用于有自然气资源的气田、轻烃回收企业及自然气管线沿途可取得自然气运用权的企业。
1. Natural Gas Generator Unit: Generator Unit Fueled by Natural Gas. The main combustible component of natural gas is methane CH4. The concentration of methane is 70%-97%. Natural gas is mainly produced from the tail gas of natural gas wells or petroleum associated gas recovered by light hydrocarbons. Natural gas generating units are mainly used in gas fields with natural gas resources, light hydrocarbon recovery enterprises and enterprises with natural gas utilization rights along natural gas pipelines.
2、石油伴生气发电机组是:以石油伴生气为燃料的发电机组。石油伴生气的主要可燃成份为CH4、C2H6、C3H8、C4H10等,以甲烷CH4为主要成份,其含量普通在80%左右,石油伴生气产自油井,因而,石油伴生气发电机组主要用于有石油伴生气的油田。
2. Petroleum associated gas generating units are: generating units fueled by petroleum associated gas. The main combustible components of petroleum associated gas are CH4, C2H6, C3H8, C4H10 and so on. Methane CH4 is the main component. Its content is generally about 80%. Oil associated gas is produced in oil wells. Therefore, petroleum associated gas generating units are mainly used in oil fields with petroleum associated gas.

QQ截图20171025151846.jpg3、发作炉煤气发电机组:是以发作炉煤气为燃料的发电机组。发作炉煤气是炭和水蒸气在少氧的炉膛中经氧化复原反响所得,发作炉煤气的主要可燃成份为CO、H2,另外有少量的甲烷CH4等,其中CO含量普通在25%~35%左右,H2含量普通在6%~10%左右,CH4含量普通在2%~6%左右,CnHm含量普通在0.5%~3%左右,普通在发作炉煤气中含有大量的硫、苯、奈、焦油、水份和一定的灰份,硫、苯、奈、焦油、水份和灰份对燃气发起机运转极为不利,发作炉煤气进入燃气发电机组前,必需停止预处置。
3. Gas generator set of the seizure furnace: a generator set fueled by the gas of the seizure furnace. The main combustible components of the gas are CO and H2, and a small amount of methane CH4. Among them, the CO content is usually about 25%-35%, the H2 content is about 6%-10%, the CH4 content is about 2%-6%, the CnHm content is about 0.5%-3%, and the coal is usually produced in the furnace. Gas contains a large amount of sulfur, benzene, nano, tar, water and a certain amount of ash. Sulfur, benzene, nano, tar, water and ash are extremely harmful to the operation of gas-fired generator. Before the gas enters the gas-fired generating unit, it is necessary to stop pre-disposal.
4、液化石油气发电机组:是以液化石油气为燃料的发电机组。液化石油气的主要成份为丙烷C3H8和丁烷C4H10,液化石油气主要产自轻烃回收企业,由于液化石油气便于储运,因而,液化石油气发电机组可普遍地用于气源价钱较廉价的地域。
4. LPG Generator Unit: Generator Unit with LPG as fuel. The main components of liquefied petroleum gas are propane C3H8 and butane C4H10. Liquefied petroleum gas is mainly produced in light hydrocarbon recovery enterprises. Because liquefied petroleum gas is easy to store and transport, liquefied petroleum gas generating units can be widely used in areas where the price of gas is cheaper.
5、高炉煤气发电机组;应用炼钢厂和炼铁厂的焦化气、 高炉煤气和转炉煤气,经过除尘、脱硫和脱焦油处置净化处置后,通入高炉煤气发电机组熄灭做功发电。
5. Blast Furnace Gas Generator Unit; coking gas, blast furnace gas and converter gas from steelmaking and ironmaking plants are used, after dust removal, desulfurization and tar removal and purification, to be put into blast furnace gas generator unit to extinguish and generate power.
6、煤层气(瓦斯气)发电机组:是以瓦斯气为燃料的发电机组。瓦斯气的主要成份为甲烷CH4,瓦斯气源于煤田,普通有两种获取方式,一是空中钻采,二是煤矿坑道抽排。空中钻采的瓦斯气其中甲烷含量较高,普通CH4含量为60%~95%,也称之为煤层气;煤矿坑道抽排的瓦斯气其中甲烷含量较低,主要是甲烷与空气的混合物,CH4含量普通为5%~50%;瓦斯气发电机组主要用于大、中、小型煤矿和煤气田。
6. Coalbed methane (gas) generating units: generating units with gas as fuel. Methane CH4 is the main component of gas, which originates from coal field. There are two ways to obtain gas, one is air drilling, the other is mine tunnel drainage. The methane content of air drilling gas is higher, the common CH4 content is 60%-95%, also known as coalbed methane; the methane content of mine tunnel drainage gas is lower, mainly the mixture of methane and air, the CH4 content is usually 5%-50%; the gas generating units are mainly used in large, medium and small coal mines and gas fields.
7、沼气发电机组:是以沼气为燃料的发电机组。沼气的主要可燃成份为甲烷CH4,甲烷浓度普通为40%~65%,沼气是生物质经厌氧发酵产生的,其主要原料为:家畜粪便、渣滓、污水、植物、动物脂肪和蛋白等有机物。沼气发电机组主要用于养殖场、渣滓填埋场、污水处置厂、食品厂、酒厂、发酵厂、柠檬酸厂和造纸厂等企业。
7. Biogas Generator Unit: Generator Unit with Biogas as Fuel. The main combustible component of biogas is methane CH4. The concentration of methane is generally 40%-65%. Biogas is produced by anaerobic fermentation of biomass. Its main raw materials are: livestock manure, dregs, sewage, plants, animal fat and protein. Biogas generating units are mainly used in aquaculture farms, waste landfills, sewage treatment plants, food factories, distilleries, fermentation plants, citric acid plants and paper mills.

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