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沼气发电机组燃烧工作特点介绍

来源:http://www.huannengpower.com   发布于:2017-11-24

1、可再生,污染少。用沼气进行发电,不用担心会有枯竭的一天。据统计,至2002年底世界剩余石油探明储量为1407.04亿吨。根据世界已探明的化石能源储量推算,石油还可使用40~50年,天然气还可使用60~70年,煤炭则能维持225年左右。

1, renewable, less pollution. Use biogas to generate electricity without worrying about a dry day. According to statistics, by the end of 2002, the world's remaining oil proved to be 1407.04 tons. According to the world's proven fossil energy reserves, oil can be used for 40~50 years, natural gas can be used for 60~70 years, coal can maintain for about 225 years.

可见,化石能源离我们而去的日子已不远。而以沼气为代表的生物质能源的寿命几乎是无限的,只要太阳存在,沼气也将存在。

So the days of fossil energy leaving us are far from enough. And the life of biomass energy represented by biogas is almost unlimited, as long as the sun exists, biogas will also exist.

2、原料来源广泛。沼气发电机组的主要燃烧成分是甲烷,由甲烷产生菌厌氧消化有机物产生。所以只要有机物存在的地方,再配以适合的环境条件,就会有甲烷的生成。例如人畜的粪便、有机工业废水、垃圾填埋场、农作物秸秆等都可用做沼气产生的原材料。

2, wide source of raw materials. The main combustion component of methane generating unit is methane, which is produced by anaerobic digestion of methane producing bacteria. So, as long as organic matter exists, and with suitable environmental conditions, there will be methane production. For example, human and livestock manure, organic industrial wastewater, waste landfill sites, crop straw and so on, can be used as raw materials for biogas production.

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今后随着畜禽养殖业和工业企业的发展,沼气的生产量还会增加。以一个60万人口的城镇为例,每天产生垃圾约600吨,产生沼气1万立方左右,可以供1000千瓦的燃气发电机组进行发电。且城市越大,垃圾中含的有机物越多,产生的沼气量也就越多。我国人口众多,适合做这样项目的垃圾填埋场也很多。因此,沼气的来源十分广泛。

In the future, with the development of livestock and poultry breeding and industrial enterprises, biogas production will increase. A town of 600 thousand people, for example, produces about 600 tons of garbage every day, generating about 10 thousand cubic meters of methane, which can generate electricity for 1000 kW gas generating set. The more the city is, the more organic matter it contains, and the more methane it produces. There are so many people in our country that there are many landfills for such projects. Therefore, the sources of biogas are very extensive.

3、受环境限制小。沼气发电机组的规模比较小,对场地的要求不高,只要有沼气产生的地方基本上都可以进行发电。

3, small environmental restrictions. The scale of biogas generator is small, and the requirement of the site is not high. As long as there are methane producing areas, the power generation can be basically carried out.

不像水电必须建立在水力资源丰富的地方,而且还要考虑电站对周围生态环境的影响;太阳能发电要建在日照时间长且比较偏僻的地方,因为太阳能发电要占用大量的土地,必须考虑项目的经济性,现在建的太阳能电站一般都在沙漠。

Unlike hydropower must be based on the abundant water resources, but also to consider the plant impact on the surrounding ecological environment; solar power will be built in the sunshine for a long time and more remote places, because solar power takes up a lot of land, must consider the economic efficiency of the project, the construction of the solar power plants are generally in the desert.

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