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柴油发电机组发动机的组成

来源:http://www.huannengpower.com   发布于:2018-02-23

柴油发动机柴油发电机组重要的组成部分,相当于人之心脏的作用,是一种将燃料燃烧产生的热能转化为机械能的机器,要完成能量转换的全部过程,就必须有一套相应的转换机构和系统。虽然柴油发动机有许多种型式,具体构造也不完全一样,但其基本结构都是一样的。

The important part of diesel engine diesel generator set is equivalent to the function of human heart. It is a machine that transforms the heat generated by fuel combustion into mechanical energy. To complete the whole process of energy conversion, there must be a corresponding conversion mechanism and system. Although the diesel engine has many types, the concrete structure is not exactly the same, but its basic structure is the same.

柴油发动机的基本组件包括:曲柄连杆机构、配气机构、传动机构、燃油供给系统、润滑系统、冷却系统、起动系统和进、排气系统等。

The basic components of diesel engine include crank connecting rod mechanism, valve train, transmission mechanism, fuel supply system, lubrication system, cooling system, starting system, intake and exhaust system, etc.

燃油系统:主要部件:喷油泵、喷油器、油管、燃油滤清器、输油泵、手油泵等。

Fuel system: main components: fuel injection pump, injector, oil pipe, fuel filter, oil pump, hand oil pump and so on.

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配气机构:主要包括凸轮轴、挺柱、推杆、气门、摇臂、气门弹簧等。

Air distribution mechanism: mainly including camshaft, tappet, push rod, valve, rocker arm, valve spring and so on.

起动系统:主要包括起动机、蓄电池、起动开关、导线等。

Starting system: mainly including starter, battery, starting switch, wire and so on.

冷却系统:包括冷却风扇、水箱、水泵、水管、节温器、补液箱及冷却液等。

Cooling system: including cooling fan, water tank, water pump, water pipe, thermostat, rehydration box and coolant.

曲柄连杆机构:包括:机体、气缸盖、气缸套、活塞、连杆、曲轴、飞轮、活塞环、油底壳、轴瓦等。

Crank connecting rod mechanism: including: body, cylinder head, cylinder liner, piston, connecting rod, crankshaft, flywheel, piston ring, oil bottom shell, axle bush, etc.

润滑系统:包括机油泵、机油滤清器、机油散热器、机油管、主油道及机油等。

Lubricating system: including oil pump, oil filter, oil radiator, oil pipe, main oil channel and oil and so on.

进、排气系统:包括进气管、增压器、空气滤、排气管、消声器等。

Intake and exhaust system: including intake pipe, turbocharger, air filter, exhaust pipe, muffler and so on.

曲柄连杆机构、配气机构和燃油供给系统,是柴油发动机的三大基本部分,它们互相配合,完成柴油发动机的工作循环,实现能量转换。使用过程中,三者技术状态的好坏及相互之间配合的正确与否,对柴油发动机的性能具有决定性的影响。润滑系和冷却系为柴油发动机的辅助系统,是柴油发动机长期正常工作不可缺少的重要部分。如果润滑系或冷却系工作不正常,那么柴油发动机就会发生故障,也不能正常工作。

Crank connecting rod mechanism, valve train and fuel supply system are the three basic parts of diesel engine. They cooperate with each other to complete the working cycle of diesel engine and achieve energy conversion. In the process of use, the quality of the three technical states and the correctness of the coordination between each other will have a decisive influence on the performance of the diesel engine. The lubrication system and the cooling system are auxiliary systems of diesel engines, which are an indispensable part of the long term normal work of diesel engines. If the lubrication system or the cooling system is not working properly, the diesel engine will fail, and it can not work properly.

相信看了本文的介绍后,对 瓦斯发电机组http://www.huannengpower.com这方面也会有自己的一番认识,以后针对的等问题也能很好的解决。

I believe that after seeing the introduction of this paper, we will have some understanding of the http://www.huannengpower.com of gas generating set, and we can solve some other problems later.


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