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生物质气化发电技术的知识介绍

来源:http://www.huannengpower.com   发布于:2018-01-29

1. 介绍

1. introduction

寻求利用生物质气化发电的方法,既可以解决可再生能源的有效利用,又可以解决各种有机废弃物的环境污染。正是基于以上原因,生物质气化发电技术得到了越来越多的研究和应用,并日趋完善。

The method of using biomass gasification to generate electricity can not only solve the effective utilization of renewable energy, but also solve the environmental pollution of various organic wastes. It is based on the above reasons that biomass gasification power generation technology has been more and more research and application, and is becoming more and more perfect.

2. 发电方式编辑

2. power generation editing

生物质气化发电可通过三种途径实现:生物质气化产生燃气作为燃料直接进入燃气锅炉生产蒸汽,再驱动蒸汽轮机发电;也可将净化后的燃气送给燃气轮机燃烧发电;还可以将净化后的燃气送入内燃机直接发电。在发电和投资规模上,它们分别对应于大规模、中等规模和小规模的发电。

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Biomass gasification and power generation can be realized by three ways: biomass gasification generated gas as fuel directly into the production of steam gas boiler, then drive the steam turbine; gas can also be purified for gas turbine combustion power generation; gas can also be purified into direct power internal combustion engine. On the scale of power generation and investment, they correspond to large-scale, medium scale and small-scale power generation respectively.

在商业上为成功的生物质气化内燃发电技术,由于具有装机容量小、布置灵活、投资少、结构紧凑、技术可靠、运行费用低廉、经济效益显著、操作维护简单和对燃气质量要求较低等特点,而得到广泛的推广与应用。

The most commercially successful internal combustion of biomass gasification power generation technology, because of its small installed capacity, flexible layout, low investment, compact structure, reliable technology, low operation cost and remarkable economic benefit, simple operation and maintenance of gas quality and low demands, and are widely used.

3. 组成部分

3. component

生物质气化内燃发电系统主要由气化炉、燃气净化系统和内燃发电机等组成:

The biomass gasification internal combustion system is mainly composed of gasifier, gas purification system and internal combustion generator, etc.

气化炉是将生物质能由固态转化为燃气的装置。生物质在气化炉内通过控制空气供应量,而进行不完全燃烧,实现低值生物质能由固体向气态的转化,生成包含氢气(H2)、一氧化碳(CO)、甲烷(CH4)、多碳烃(CnHm)等可燃成分的燃气,完成生物质的气化过程。

A gasifier is a device that transforms the biomass energy from a solid to a gas. In biomass gasification furnace by controlling the air supply, and incomplete combustion, realizing the transformation of low value biomass from solid to gas, including hydrogen generation (H2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), hydrocarbons (CnHm) gas and other combustible components, complete the process of biomass gasification.

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