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燃气发电机组的分类特点介绍

来源:http://www.huannengpower.com   发布于:2017-11-06

1、天然气发电机组:是以天然气为燃料的发电机组。天然气的主要可燃成份为甲烷CH4,甲烷浓度一般为70%~97%,天然气主要产自天然气井或石油伴生气经过轻烃回收后的工艺尾气。天然气发电机组主要用于有天然气资源的气田、轻烃回收企业及天然气管线沿途可获得天然气使用权的企业。

1, natural gas generator set: natural gas is the fuel generator set. The main combustible components of natural gas is methane CH4, methane concentration is 70% ~ 97%, natural gas is mainly produced from natural gas or petroleum gas through the exhaust process of light hydrocarbon recovery after. Natural gas generators are mainly used in gas fields, light hydrocarbon recovery enterprises and natural gas pipelines along the way to obtain the right to use natural gas enterprises.

2、石油伴生气发电机组是:以石油伴生气为燃料的发电机组。石油伴生气的主要可燃成份为CH4、C2H6、C3H8、C4H10等,以甲烷CH4为主要成份,其含量一般在80%左右,石油伴生气产自油井,因此,石油伴生气发电机组主要用于有石油伴生气的油田。

2, the petroleum gas generator is in the petroleum gas fueled generating units. The main combustible components of oil associated gas is CH4, C2H6, C3H8, C4H10, CH4 with methane as the main component, its content is generally around 80%, the petroleum gas produced from oil well, therefore, the petroleum gas generator is mainly used for the petroleum gas field.

3、发生炉煤气发电机组:是以发生炉煤气为燃料的发电机组。发生炉煤气是炭和水蒸气在少氧的炉膛中经氧化还原反应所得,发生炉煤气的主要可燃成份为CO、H2,另外有少量的甲烷CH4等,其中CO含量一般在25%~35%左右,H2含量一般在6%~10%左右,CH4含量一般在2%~6%左右,CnHm含量一般在0.5%~3%左右,一般在发生炉煤气中含有大量的硫、苯、奈、焦油、水份和一定的灰份,硫、苯、奈、焦油、水份和灰份对燃气发动机运行极为不利,发生炉煤气进入燃气发电机组前,必须进行预处理。

3. Producer gas generator set: a generator set which takes producer gas as fuel. The producer gas is carbon and water vapor in less oxygen in the furnace by oxidation-reduction reaction proceeds, the main combustible components of producer gas for CO, H2, CH4 also have a small amount of methane, the content of CO is 25% ~ 35%, the content of H2 is 6% ~ 10%, the content of CH4 in general 2% ~ 6%, the content of CnHm is 0.5% ~ 3%, generally in the producer gas contains large amounts of sulfur, benzene, naphthalene, tar, water and ash, sulfur, benzene, naphthalene, tar, moisture and ash of the gas engine operation is extremely unfavorable, gas into the gas turbine first, pretreatment must be done.

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4、液化石油气发电机组:是以液化石油气为燃料的发电机组。液化石油气的主要成份为丙烷C3H8和丁烷C4H10,液化石油气主要产自轻烃回收企业,由于液化石油气便于储运,因此,液化石油气发电机组可广泛地用于气源价格较便宜的地区。

4, liquefied petroleum gas power generation unit: liquefied petroleum gas as fuel for power generation units. The main components of liquefied petroleum gas for propane and butane C3H8 C4H10, liquefied petroleum gas produced mainly for light hydrocarbon recovery due to liquefied petroleum gas enterprises, convenient storage and transportation, therefore, liquefied petroleum gas generator can be widely used in gas prices cheaper areas.

5、高炉煤气发电机组;利用炼钢厂和炼铁厂的焦化气、 高炉煤气和转炉煤气,经过除尘、脱硫和脱焦油处理净化处理后,通入高炉煤气发电机组燃烧做功发电。

5, the use of blast furnace gas generator; steel mills and iron making plant of coking gas, blast furnace gas and converter gas, after dust removal, desulfurization and de tar processing after purification, gas turbine combustion in blast furnace power generation.

6、煤层气(瓦斯气)发电机组:是以瓦斯气为燃料的发电机组。瓦斯气的主要成份为甲烷CH4,瓦斯气源于煤田,一般有两种获取方式,一是地面钻采,二是煤矿坑道抽排。地面钻采的瓦斯气其中甲烷含量较高,一般CH4含量为60%~95%,也称之为煤层气;煤矿坑道抽排的瓦斯气其中甲烷含量较低,主要是甲烷与空气的混合物,CH4含量一般为5%~50%;瓦斯气发电机组主要用于大、中、小型煤矿和煤气田。

6, coal-bed methane (gas) power generation unit: gas is the fuel for the generator set. The main component of gas is methane CH4, gas source in coal field, there are generally two ways to obtain, one is ground drilling and mining, two is coal mine tunnel drainage. Gas drilling ground the methane content is higher, the general content of CH4 is 60% ~ 95%, also known as coal-bed gas; coal mine gas pumping row of the methane content is low, is mainly a mixture of methane and air, the content of CH4 is 5% ~ 50%; gas generator is mainly used for large and medium small and medium-sized coal mines and gas fields.

7、沼气发电机组:是以沼气为燃料的发电机组。沼气的主要可燃成份为甲烷CH4,甲烷浓度一般为40%~65%,沼气是生物质经厌氧发酵产生的,其主要原料为:牲畜粪便、垃圾、污水、植物、动物脂肪和蛋白等有机物。沼气发电机组主要用于养殖场、垃圾填埋场、污水处理厂、食品厂、酒厂、发酵厂、柠檬酸厂和造纸厂等企业。

7, biogas generator set: biogas is the fuel for the generator set. The main combustible components for CH4 biogas methane, methane concentration is 40% ~ 65%, the biogas is produced by anaerobic fermentation of biomass, the main raw material for livestock manure, garbage, sewage, plants and animal fats and proteins and other organic matter. Biogas generator is mainly used for farming, landfill, sewage treatment factory, food factory, winery, fermentation plant, citric acid and paper mills.

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